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Tower of Hanoi Iterative C

tower.txt
File size: 3.24 KB

File content type: text/plain

Category: Assignment

Course: B.Tech.

Semester: 3, 4, and 7

// C Program for Iterative Tower of Hanoi 
#include <stdio.h> 
#include <math.h> 
#include <stdlib.h> 
#include <limits.h> 

// A structure to represent a stack 
struct Stack 
{ 
unsigned capacity; 
int top; 
int *array; 
}; 

// function to create a stack of given capacity. 
struct Stack* createStack(unsigned capacity) 
{ 
	struct Stack* stack = 
		(struct Stack*) malloc(sizeof(struct Stack)); 
	stack -> capacity = capacity; 
	stack -> top = -1; 
	stack -> array = 
		(int*) malloc(stack -> capacity * sizeof(int)); 
	return stack; 
} 

// Stack is full when top is equal to the last index 
int isFull(struct Stack* stack) 
{ 
return (stack->top == stack->capacity - 1); 
} 

// Stack is empty when top is equal to -1 
int isEmpty(struct Stack* stack) 
{ 
return (stack->top == -1); 
} 

// Function to add an item to stack. It increases 
// top by 1 
void push(struct Stack *stack, int item) 
{ 
	if (isFull(stack)) 
		return; 
	stack -> array[++stack -> top] = item; 
} 

// Function to remove an item from stack. It 
// decreases top by 1 
int pop(struct Stack* stack) 
{ 
	if (isEmpty(stack)) 
		return INT_MIN; 
	return stack -> array[stack -> top--]; 
} 

//Function to show the movement of disks 
void moveDisk(char fromPeg, char toPeg, int disk) 
{ 
	printf("Move the disk %d from \'%c\' to \'%c\'\n", 
		disk, fromPeg, toPeg); 
} 

// Function to implement legal movement between 
// two poles 
void moveDisksBetweenTwoPoles(struct Stack *src, 
			struct Stack *dest, char s, char d) 
{ 
	int pole1TopDisk = pop(src); 
	int pole2TopDisk = pop(dest); 

	// When pole 1 is empty 
	if (pole1TopDisk == INT_MIN) 
	{ 
		push(src, pole2TopDisk); 
		moveDisk(d, s, pole2TopDisk); 
	} 

	// When pole2 pole is empty 
	else if (pole2TopDisk == INT_MIN) 
	{ 
		push(dest, pole1TopDisk); 
		moveDisk(s, d, pole1TopDisk); 
	} 

	// When top disk of pole1 > top disk of pole2 
	else if (pole1TopDisk > pole2TopDisk) 
	{ 
		push(src, pole1TopDisk); 
		push(src, pole2TopDisk); 
		moveDisk(d, s, pole2TopDisk); 
	} 

	// When top disk of pole1 < top disk of pole2 
	else
	{ 
		push(dest, pole2TopDisk); 
		push(dest, pole1TopDisk); 
		moveDisk(s, d, pole1TopDisk); 
	} 
} 

//Function to implement TOH puzzle 
void tohIterative(int num_of_disks, struct Stack 
			*src, struct Stack *aux, 
			struct Stack *dest) 
{ 
	int i, total_num_of_moves; 
	char s = 'S', d = 'D', a = 'A'; 

	//If number of disks is even, then interchange 
	//destination pole and auxiliary pole 
	if (num_of_disks % 2 == 0) 
	{ 
		char temp = d; 
		d = a; 
		a = temp; 
	} 
	total_num_of_moves = pow(2, num_of_disks) - 1; 

	//Larger disks will be pushed first 
	for (i = num_of_disks; i >= 1; i--) 
		push(src, i); 

	for (i = 1; i <= total_num_of_moves; i++) 
	{ 
		if (i % 3 == 1) 
		moveDisksBetweenTwoPoles(src, dest, s, d); 

		else if (i % 3 == 2) 
		moveDisksBetweenTwoPoles(src, aux, s, a); 

		else if (i % 3 == 0) 
		moveDisksBetweenTwoPoles(aux, dest, a, d); 
	} 
} 

// Driver Program 
int main() 
{ 
	// Input: number of disks 
	unsigned num_of_disks = 3; 

	struct Stack *src, *dest, *aux; 

	// Create three stacks of size 'num_of_disks' 
	// to hold the disks 
	src = createStack(num_of_disks); 
	aux = createStack(num_of_disks); 
	dest = createStack(num_of_disks); 

	tohIterative(num_of_disks, src, aux, dest); 
	return 0; 
} 

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